Python Vs. Java | Which One Should You Learn?

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Python vs. Java is a hot topic for beginners who are confused over which programming language to learn. In this blog, we will have a fair comparison between both of these programming languages so that you can make an informed decision and pick the right option for you.

A programming language consists of various commands, codes, and instructions. The purpose of using a programming language is to create an algorithm for the software or application. The brain is the organ that helps human beings to make decisions.

Similarly, an algorithm is the brain of an application or software. Depending on the inputs from the users, the software follows the algorithm to deliver the output to the users.

When discussing computer programming languages, you will find many kinds of old and contemporary programming languages. Old languages have limited usage these days. So, a programmer should learn modern languages.

Python and Java are the most popular options among the trending computer languages. In this article, you will find information on Python vs. Java.

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Python Vs. Java – Which One Should You Learn?

So, which is the best computer language right now? Both Python and Java have extensive uses in developing different kinds of software. Professional software developers should know both these languages.

However, knowing either of them is also a good thing. In the following section, find some differences between these two computer programming languages. Understanding the differences will help you to find the most suitable one.

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An Introduction to Java and Python

For the Python vs. Java analysis, one should learn a few basic things about these programming languages. So, what is Java? Java is a programming language with many similarities with C++, though Java is strictly a program-oriented language.

The programming language has zero dependencies on plug-ins and other components. Creating a program with Java is also lesser time-consuming. The best thing is that Java makes algorithms that feature minimal glitches and bugs.

On the other hand, Python is a general-purpose and dynamic programming language. For developing rapid applications, Python has been used by programmers.

Some of the notable features of this programming language are built-in data structures, dynamic binding, dynamic typing, etc. The resource library of Python is available for free, and thus developing software using this language is affordable.

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Comparison of Java and Python on Different Parameters

In the following section, these two programming languages have been compared on different parameters. Comparing them to other parameters will help you to know the differences between the programming languages.

1. Popularity

The first parameter for analyzing Python vs. Java is popularity. Today, the consumer world is popularity-driven. If a sure thing is popular, people run after the thing without understanding the benefits and shortcomings.

When compared on popularity, you will find both Java and Python popular among the programmers. According to the industry surveys, Python is one of the fastest-growing programming languages.

On the other hand, Java is already popular among software developers and service seekers. However, the gap between the popularity of these two programming languages is reducing sharply.

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2. Syntax

For a programmer, it is common to compare two programming languages on the syntax. Python is a dynamic language, and developers do not have to insert variables when typing an algorithm.

As a result, creating a program using Python becomes lesser time-consuming. Moreover, the syntax is similar to English that people use to write.

Python does not have indentation rules and enclosing brackets. Even a novice developer will find no hassle in learning this programming language.

On the other hand, Java comes with a strict syntax rule. A programmer should type all the variables. If you make a mistake in typing the variables, the program will not run.

For learning the syntax rules of Java, many programmers begin with learning C++. So, it is time-consuming to learn Java. Nevertheless, it has a complicated syntax format.

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3. Performance

 In this Python vs. Java analysis, performance is the crucial thing. Which language should you learn? The answer depends on the performances of the programming languages.

Both these programming languages use bytecode complications for running the algorithm on a virtual machine. As a result, both languages are suitable as cross-platform languages. The performances of the programs remain the same despite changing the operating systems.

At this point, you may conclude that Python and Java are identical on the performance parameter. But, there is a big fundamental difference between these two programming languages.

Java has a static-typing syntax, while Python has a dynamic syntax. In static-typing syntax, the compilation process is easier and faster. On the other hand, the dynamic-typing syntax is complicated, and thus programmers also commonly make errors with dynamic syntax.

Java comes with a compiler known as Just-In-Time (JIT). The compiler works quicker than the dynamic-typing syntax compiler of Python.

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4. Machine Learning

Today, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is an emerging technology. A programming language suitable to build software integrated with machine learning is the best programming language.

The syntax of Python is simple, and people find convenience in working with this language. The easy syntax of Python encourages the programmers to conduct various machine learning experiments. A vast library is another benefit of this programming language.

On the other hand, Java is also a good language for machine learning experiments. The major drawback is that Java has a complicated syntax. But, there are some benefits too. Easy debugging makes Java suitable for large-scale operations.

Programmers trust Java for developing enterprise-level programs. Programmers can use multiple libraries for Java, and some popular options are Mallet, Weka, MOA, etc.

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5. Game Development Engines

In the PC game development industry, C++ is an extensively used programming language. C++ can ensure a seamless gaming experience for gamers. On the other hand, Java and Python are not as efficient as C++ for developing gaming engines.

In comparing Java and Python, programmers can notice a few benefits of Python for developing PC games. Python has a simple syntax and rich library. It is worth learning this programming language for these two crucial features to become a PC game developer.

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Conclusion

After studying Python vs. Java above, we can conclude that both programming languages are functional for different purposes. While Java is the most popular programming language, Python’s popularity is rising quickly. Learning both programming languages will make you a complete and well-versed computer language programmer.