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10 Popular Backend Frameworks for Web Development

This post was last Updated on May 4, 2023 by Himanshu Tyagi to reflect the accuracy and up-to-date information on the page.

If you are a web developer or starting to learn web development and looking for some popular backend frameworks, you have landed on the right page. Here I have shared a list of 10 popular backend frameworks for web development.

Generally, there are two types of web development—front end and back end. Frontend web development focuses on how the application appears and interacts with users.

On the other hand, backend development is responsible for the application’s overall functionality.

Backend development deals with servers, databases, and how both ends interact. As a result, a backend developer should adequately understand the functionalities of a framework to create fast and scalable web apps.

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What is a backend web framework?

A backend web framework is a software framework that allows developers to build the server side of a web application.

It provides tools and libraries for handling everyday web development tasks, such as HTTP requests and responses, interacting with databases, and handling security concerns.

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10 Popular Backend Frameworks for Web Development

popular backend frameworks for web development

This article has created a list of the top ten best backend frameworks to assist you in making a choice.

The list below is picked in terms of their unique qualities and usefulness so that you can pick the one that meets your requirements. Here are a few:

1. Django

One of the most popular backend frameworks utilized in 2022 was Django. The open-source Django web framework for Python focuses on creating complex, database-driven websites.

As it guards against threats like XSS (Cross-Site Scripting), CSRF (Cross-Site Request Forgery), SQL injection, etc., Django provides a very secure method for creating online applications. Websites like Mozilla, as well as the Washington Times, use Django.

Advantages of Django:

  • simplicity, flexibility
  • reliability, and scalability
  • Fast framework
  • secure framework
  • Feature-rich

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2. Laravel

Lavarel is renowned for being the best option for a PHP-based framework. Laravel is a framework for designing web applications with the Symfony framework.

A robust backend framework called Laravel places architecture and design among its top objectives.

With its project dependency injection and service container, Laravel provides functionality without sacrificing business effectiveness and is an open-source platform.

Laravel uses SQL injection to protect the codebase and other data, making it one of the most secure web frameworks. It lessens security concerns to ensure an efficient web applications experience.

Advantages of Laravel:

  • MVC pattern support
  • Object-oriented libraries
  • Streamlined unit testing
  • Route protection
  • Security

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3. Flask

In recent years, one of the most popular micro-frameworks for creating web applications has been Flask.

Instead of the user’s browser, a WSGI framework manages the web server. It is a backend framework built on Python.

The finest framework for serving lightweight web applications is thought to be Flask.

The framework is well-known among Python and web application developers worldwide as it doesn’t require any particular tools. Flask is a framework used by LinkedIn and Pinterest.

Advantages of Flask:

  • Versatile
  • Highly Scalable
  • Integrated unit testing aid
  • Higher compatibility with the latest technologies
  • Routing URL is easy
  • Greater Control Over Codes

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4. Express.js

Express.js is known to be one of the top frameworks that helps you create an online web application in minutes. It is also referred to as Express.

A Node.js web application framework is called Express. PayPal, IBM, and Fox Sports, among others, use it.

Express can do more than novice developers familiar with the technology might anticipate.

It is most helpful for performing extra chores related to requests and responses. Every sort of operating system that supports nodeJs is compatible with it.

Advantages of Express.js:

  • Robust and reliable.
  • It supports routing.
  • Template engine integrations
  • Utilizes Full-stack JS features
  • It supports routing.

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5. Ruby on Rails

A framework for developing web apps called Ruby on Rails is built on the MIT-licensed Ruby programming language.

Rails is an MVC framework that provides web pages, web services, and database default structures. A fun method to create web applications quickly is Ruby on Rails.

Rails’ simple syntax, which is very similar to standard English, is its main advantage. It also helps you build the best dynamic web apps with languages like HTML, JavaScript, and CSS.

Advantages of Ruby on Rails:

  • Compact and elegant
  • Quality development
  • Easy to manage changes
  • Secure
  • Large Community
  • A large repository of free plugins

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6. Spring

Spring is the most powerful backend web technology currently available. Built on Java, Spring has demonstrated in benchmark tests to perform far better than its nearest rivals.

The most accessible and efficient application framework for the Java-based interface recently emerged as the Spring framework.

A wide range of applications can profit from varying Spring usage levels, evolving as quickly as Spring expands.

It has been used to develop numerous extremely well-known and influential websites, such as Wix, a sophisticated platform for building websites.

Advantages of Spring:

  • Usability and Community Support
  • Loose Coupling
  • Testability
  • Powerful Abstraction

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7. ASP.Net Core

In the previous year, 20% of backend web developers used ASP.NET Core. It is an open-source architecture for building contemporary, internet-connected, cloud-based apps.

All applications and cutting-edge technologies, including AI, machine learning, big data analytics, etc., are supported by the.NET Core foundation.

Since the 2016 launch of ASP.NET Core, the technology has evolved into the Microsoft brand’s core framework. You are not limited to only developing Windows apps with ASP.NET Core.

Advantages of Asp.NetCore:

  • High Performance
  • cross-platform framework
  • Sophisticated Programming Features
  • Offer more power to developers
  • Open Source Framework

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8. CakePHP

The Cake Web Framework Team created the PHP framework known as CakePHP. For PHP developers, CakePHP might be viewed as a substitute for Ruby on Rails. If you are starting, this is the most excellent place to go.

The preferred tool for web developers who use MVC-based programming is CakePHP.

CakePHP uses well-known model-view-controller, active record, convention over configuration, and other software engineering ideas and design patterns.

Advantages of CakePHP:

  • Active, friendly community
  • MVC Architecture
  • Data sanitization
  • Code reusability
  • Fundamental Validation

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9. Vue.js

Because of its beneficial features, the JavaScript framework Vue.js is gaining popularity among programmers. Vue is a mix of AngularJS and React frameworks.

This free JavaScript framework is used to build single-page programs and user interfaces.

Vue. js 3 is a reliable framework for creating big and small apps. It is a PHP MVC framework that aims to “make developers happy.” Netflix, Nintendo, and UpWork are just a few businesses that use Vue.js.

Advantages of Vue.js:

  • Virtual DOM Performance
  • Easy Integration
  • Great Community and Support
  • Declarative rendering
  • Customizable
  • Reactive Two-Way Binding.

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10. Koa.js

A popular Node.js web application framework is Koa.js. Express.js’s developers also work on and maintain Koa.js.

You can develop backend Node.js applications using Koa.

Many developers use Koa.js to create lighter, more efficient middleware while creating server-side applications.

Since Koa.js was developed to outperform Express, capable of everything Express is capable of and more.

Koa is supposedly used by 93 businesses, including Paralect, Pier, and GAPO, in their tech stacks.

Advantages of Koa:

  • customizable
  • Extremely light-weighted
  • best middleware framework
  • third-party services integration
  • easy rendering and templating
  • Scalable and flexible

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Wrapping Up Things

Choosing the best backend framework can be challenging because many great options are available. For this reason, we have given you our recommendations on the 10 best popular backend frameworks.

The backend framework you choose will depend on several factors, such as the type of project, the programming language, etc. You can pick the framework that is apt to your needs. We will be happy if you return for further details.

Himanshu Tyagi
Himanshu Tyagi
Hello Friends! I am Himanshu, a hobbyist programmer, tech enthusiast, and digital content creator. Founder Cool SaaS Hunter. With CodeItBro, my mission is to promote coding and help people from non-tech backgrounds to learn this modern-age skill!