How To Display A Calendar In Python

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In this tutorial, you will learn how to display a calendar in Python. To display a calendar in Python, we can use an in-built module named calendar. Python calendar module offers many methods to work with dates and calendars.

We can use it to display a whole year calendar, a specific month calendar, or even get the day of a week for a specific date.

Apart from that, we will explore the following Python programs:

  • Display a calendar of a specific year
  • Display a calendar of a specific month
  • Find the name of a month from a number
  • Get current year
  • calendar.weekday() method
  • Get the day of the week for a specific date
  • Calendar in HTML
  • Fetch a specific day for a whole year

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Python Program to Display a Calendar of a Specific Year

  • We will first import the Python calendar module using this statement: import calendar
  • After that, we will define the year variable and initialize it with the value whose calendar we would like to display.
  • In this final step, we will use the calendar.calendar(year) function to display the calendar.

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Here’s the code for the Python program to display a calendar of a specific year.

Code:

import calendar
year = 3000
print(calendar.calendar(year))

Output:

how to display a calendar in python

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Calendar of a Specific Month

Now, we will see how to display a calendar of a specific month in Python.

  • Again, we will import the calendar module as we did in the previous example.
  • We will initialize two variables with year and month values.
  • In the final step, we will display the calendar using the calendar.month(year, month) method.

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Here’s the Python code to display a calendar of a specific month.

Code:

import calendar
year = 2022
month = 5
print(calendar.month(year, month))

Output:

python program to display month calendar

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Find the Name of a Month From a Number

In this Python program, we will see how to find the name of a month from a number. For example, for the number 6, we should get the name of the sixth month (June) in the output.

  • Import Python calendar module.
  • Use the calendar.month_name[value] to get the month’s name.

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Here’s the code for your reference.

Code:

import calendar
print(calendar.month_name[5])

Output:

get month name from number

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Get Current Year

In this example, we will use the datetime Python module to get the current year from the local system.

  • Import datetime module using this statement: import datetime
  • Initialize the CurrentYear variable with the current year’s value using the datetime.datetime.now().year function.
  • Display the CurrentYear variable using the print() statement.

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Code:

import datetime
CurrentYear = datetime.datetime.now().year
print("The current year is", CurrentYear)

Output:

get current year in python

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Python calendar.weekday() Method

You can use the calendar.weekday(year, month, day) method to get the day of the week. 0 is for Monday, 1 is for Tuesday, and so forth.

  • Import Python calendar module.
  • Initialize the WeekDay variable to get the current weekday using the calendar.weekday(year, month, day) function.
  • Display the current weekday using the print statement.

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Here’s the code for your reference.

Code:

import calendar
WeekDay = calendar.weekday(2022, 5, 11)
print("The current week day is", WeekDay+1)

Output:

calendar weekday function

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Get the Day of the Week for a Specific Date

In this Python example, we will see how to get the day of the week for a specific date. For this, we will use the calendar.weekday function to get the current weekday and then calendar.day_name[argument] to print day of the week.

  • Import calendar Python package.
  • Initialize WeekDayName with calendar.weekday(year, month, day) function to get the current weekday.
  • Print the day of the specific date by using the calendar.day_name[WeekDayName] function.

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Here’s the code of the Python program to get the day of the week for a specific date.

Code:

import calendar
WeekDayName = calendar.weekday(2022, 5, 11)
print("The day for the specific date is", calendar.day_name[WeekDayName])

Output:

get the day name of specific date in python

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Display an HTML calendar in Python

Here we will see how to display an HTML calendar in Python.

  • Import Python calendar module.
  • Initialize CalendarHTML variable using the calendar.HTMLCalendar.
  • Define the CalYear variable and initialize it with the HTML code of a specific calendar year using the CalendarHTML.formatyear(year) method.
  • Print the HTML calendar using the print(CalYear) statement.

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Code:

import calendar

CalendarHTML = calendar.HTMLCalendar()
CalYear = CalendarHTML.formatyear(2022)
print(CalYear)

Output:

display html calendar in python

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Fetch a Specific Day for a Whole Year

In this Python calendar example, we will see how to get a specific day for a whole year.

Code:

import calendar

for month in range(1, 13):
    CalYear = calendar.monthcalendar(2022, month)

    FirstWeek = CalYear[0]
    SecondWeek = CalYear[1]

    if FirstWeek[calendar.TUESDAY] != 0:
        InspectionDay = FirstWeek[calendar.TUESDAY]
    else:
        InspectionDay = SecondWeek[calendar.TUESDAY]
    print("%10s %2d" % (calendar.month_name[month], InspectionDay))

Output:

get specific day with whole year

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Summary

In this Python tutorial, we explored how to display a calendar in Python. You also learned how to display an HTML calendar, display a calendar of a specific month, get the current year, and many other examples related to the Python calendar module. Subscribe to our newsletter to receive such articles straight to your inbox.