Taking care of data security has always been a concern for IT professionals. Technology has always needed a security system to keep the transformation running.
Several industries are deploying technology and transfer most of their data over different channels. This data is still at risk of getting distorted or invaded by potential threats.
Cloud services and cloud computing processes are being used by organizations all over the globe. Cloud security brings the risk of data security with it. It is incredibly essential to keepsake this data shared via the cloud.
However, despite high-tech IT security limiters and norms, there is always a need for knowledge about securing data sent via the cloud, received via the cloud, and created on the cloud.
To protect the data on the cloud, it is required to examine the problems and risks related to them carefully. Also, it would help if you had complete control over the whereabouts of the data.
Here, we have highlighted the detailed set of information that guides you about the best practices that ensure cloud data security and address the related issues.
Knowing the Usability of Cloud and Related Risks
While planning out the security measures, it is vital to have complete knowledge about the type of data you are taking care of. In the initial phase, you must understand the state of your data and the potential risk.
And by knowing the data, it means to understand the sensitivity of the data. By deploying a cloud monitoring service or using a tool that does so, you can achieve a lot of things:
1. Detect the areas of the problem
The riskiest situation for cloud is when data becomes the prey of theft and loss. You can use data classification engines that divide data and give a clear insight into the risks that data face.
2. Study the flow of sensitive data
There is no problem using sensitive data over the cloud, but you can monitor the flow of this data and who accesses it. You can supervise the permitted entities and limit access to particular data files.
3. Identify Shadow IT
Usually, employees and cloud users subscribe to unknown cloud storage for simple conversion processes. You can try using your firewall and web proxy, firewalls, and other log methods to know about the anonymous cloud services being used and assess them.
4. Notice malicious practices
There are instances when employees carelessly handle data, which can be an invitation to third-party hackers or attackers to intrude cloud data of your company. You can use behaviour analytics tools that are great monitoring tools for keeping an eye on data loss.
After understanding the prospect risks to cloud data, you can easily plan out the security measures and threat prone areas. With the availability of various tools, it becomes easy to protect cloud data.
Following steps or actions can be practised by such tools and would help you achieve the best practice to protect data on the cloud.
5. Deploying protection norms
After classifying data based on sensitivity and risk factors, you can design standards and policies that would direct the usage and flow of data over the cloud. The plans can also limit the actions that could be taken to safeguard the cloud; to remove user, to isolate data or to teach the employees.
6. Limit data sharing
Control and restrict the usage and flow of data at the initial stage in the cloud. You can set boundaries and confine specific users to view or to edit that data.
Encryption on cloud protects data from third-party invasions but permits the cloud service provider.
8. Prevent data from being saved on unknown devices
With an internet connection, the cloud allows data access from any device. But this data getting collected on unmanageable devices such as mobile phones or personal devices can pose potential threats. You can try and block downloads on such devices or set up a verification factor before the download.
9. Deploy advanced malware protection software
The IaaS environment ensures the security of the operating system, network services, and other installed applications. These technologies can be deployed on a virtual network to ensure the protection of your infrastructure.
Generate Quick Responses
Because of the frequent usage of cloud services, some issues can occur where there is an urgent need for automatic resolutions. In an IT environment, every other minute calls for help and requires you to provide quickest fixtures to the cloud-related incidents. Here are some practices that ensure efficient resolutions.
10. Enable two-factor authentication
Every device, whether new or existing, must be configured such that every time a user wishes to use cloud has to go through two-factor authentication.
11. Abolish possible malware on the cloud
There can be times when a malware hides in some folder and shares space with data. This can be prevented by frequent scanning of the cloud files and storage. For the scanning purpose, one can use anti-virus tools explicitly designed for cloud data.
12. Discover the latest policies and stay in
Trends with upcoming practices- sometimes, it becomes a challenge to be aware of all the possible threats that may exist in the future. To tackle such situations, you should keep practising policies’ renewal, running tests on web gateways, and trace accesses and reading about the latest technologies from time to time.
With the advent of innovative technology tactics and the evolution of cloud services, the possible risks and threats due to malware also grow. If you belong to the IT team or are an IT professional and are responsible for cloud security, you must always try to stay on top of this malware and threats. Staying aware of all the attacks and risks is like keeping all eyes open.
Sometimes, the threats are because of extrusion, and there are incidents when the risks arise due to the careless handling of the cloud data by the internal entities. You can fix all the possible loopholes for this malware and learn various practices (discussed above) to eliminate any threat to your data present on the cloud.