The Role of 5G in the Development of Autonomous Vehicles

A few years ago, even the idea of remote control vehicles was considered not possible. But a few years later, now not only is there a considerable number of remote-controlled vehicles on the road, but the automotive industry has also set its sights on self-driving autonomous vehicles.

In remote-controlled vehicles, vehicles received and delivered information remotely like GPS, but with autonomous cars, the AI will make decisions by itself. In these self-driving vehicles, the vehicle will be able to identify itself the best course of action.

While driving, the AI of the car will have the last say on what to do. If a vehicle is approaching and the driver keeps pressing the gas pedal, the car will override their command and press the brakes, thus saving their lives.

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Role of 5G in the autonomous vehicles Industry

The most crucial part of these autonomous vehicles is the integration of 5G Technology in them. 5G has made the working of these vehicles much more straightforward and safer. There are various advantages of integrating the 5G technology in the autonomous vehicle industry.

Here are a few of the reasons why 5G is relevant in the autonomous vehicle industry:

1. 5G is Faster

When it comes to speed, 5G has dramatically surpassed its predecessor. It can be described simply by saying that 5G is 100 times faster than 4G. The data which was accused by the vehicle in 1 second can now be accessed in one-hundredth of that second. This makes the decision-making power of these vehicles much quicker.

When a car is connected to the network, it needs to transmit and receive a considerable amount of data to perform its functions smoothly. Before 5G was introduced, this was one of the biggest obstacles. But with the high speed offered by 5G networks, that obstacle is now a thing of the past.

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2. Improved V2X Telemetry

V2X is the system in which the vehicle connects to everything around it that may affect it. V2X becomes critical for the car to make decisions beforehand to avoid any kinds of difficulty in driving. If the vehicles’ speed ahead of the autonomous vehicle is slow, the vehicle will slow down before getting involved in an accident.

Waiting at a traffic signal is the most cumbersome part of driving the vehicle. V2X technology enables the car to learn about the traffic signal before it reaches. If the password is closed, the car will reduce its speed to gogos the movement. The sign has turned green. Thus saving the rider from the tedious task of waiting in the traffic.

This makes the rider’s driving comfortable, but the drive becomes more efficient, too, in both time and fuel. 5G has helped form a better and improved v2X network in autonomous vehicles, giving them better telemetry to navigate the city safely.

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3. Improved Reliability of the Network

With autonomous vehicles, there needs to be a high level of reliability on the network. The car has to make crucial decisions while driving. So there is no chance that the web can be unreliable when it comes to driving these vehicles.

5G has improved network reliability compared to 4G. There are better fail-safes installed now to fight any network malfunction before it can cause any severe damage to the vehicle. This guarantees the riders’ wellbeing and assists them in being utterly reliant on self-driving cars.

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4. Lower Latency

Self-Driving vehicles need to make split-second decisions to ensure that vehicle does not become a part of an accident.

This feat was quite tricky to achieve with 4G. But with 5G being introduced in the AVs, the slow decision-making power is begging to fade.

Autonomous vehicles are now capable of making these decisions even quicker than human drivers.

Latency is the time required to make the decision. Humans also need time to make these decisions. Like when to press the brakes if they’re in an accident up ahead on the road.

5G Technology has helped reduce the time decision making it easier for the vehicles to make those essential driving decisions.

The latency difference can be observed because human reaction speed is around 200 milliseconds, but the 5G has a latency of about five milliseconds.

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5. A New Industrial Revolution is on the Horizon

5G has become an essential part of various car manufacturers’ processes that help them improve productivity, efficiency, and speed.

Most mega automotive industries have already begun to integrate 5G technology into their product, even Mercedes. The integration of 5G will help make the machinery much more thoughtful and safer.

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Final thoughts

5G has managed to make headlines in only a short amount of time. Its high networking speed and exceptionally low latency have made it an integral part of the autonomous vehicle industry. The vehicle is now safer and better shape to drive than they were with its predecessor, 4G. Today, there is a long way to go until 5G is fully implemented into AVs, but it is fair to assume that 5G is the future.

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